what is mercury element


Mercuric chloride is used in photography and as a topical antiseptic and disinfectant, wood preservative, and fungicide. The main way that people are exposed to mercury is by eating fish and shellfish that have high levels of methylmercury, a highly toxic form of mercury, in their tissues. We do not know who discovered it. All humans are exposed to some level of mercury. 1. Mercury occurs naturally in the environment and exists in a large number of forms. Elemental mercury is an element that has not reacted with another substance. Its atomic mass is 200.59.. People are exposed to mercury in three main ways: Burning coal and other fossil fuels that release mercury into the atmosphere … Mercury is the only metallic element that is a liquid at room temperature. If heated, it is a colorless, odorless gas. Although mercury and all its compounds are known to be highly toxic, it was considered therapeutic throughout much of history. Mercury is a heavy metal, sometimes known as quicksilver, that occurs naturally in the environment in different chemical forms. The Element Mercury - Known Isotopes. Mercury is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum. Mercury is a silver-white dense metal with a mirror like appearance. Mercury is a silvery-white poisonous metallic element. Learn about how people are most often exposed to methylmercury and about the adverse health effects that exposures to methylmercury can produce. Mercury is liquid metal used in thermometers. Indium Facts: Symbol In or Atomic Number 49, A Guide to Mercury Applications in Metalurgy, Tantalum Facts (Atomic Number 73 and Element Symbol Ta), 20 Facts About the Chemical Element Silver, Silver Facts (Atomic Number 47 and Element Symbol Ag), Copper Facts: Chemical and Physical Properties, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College, Classification: Transition Metal or Post-Transition Metal, Discovered By: Known before 2000 BCE in China and India, Mercury is the only metal that is a liquid at standard temperature and pressure. Mercury is a heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure. Mercury is a planet closest to the Sun. They have been chosen as highlights of a particular topic, but do not represent the full range of … Dust containing these salts can enter the air from mining deposits of ores that contain mercury. Mercury becomes a problem for the environment when it it is released from rock and ends up in the atmosphere and in water. Mercury is a naturally-occurring chemical element found in rock in the earth's crust, including in deposits of coal. This dense metal is atomic number 80 with element symbol Hg. The Element Mercury - Known Isotopes. Mercury is a transition metal, where one of the elements found between Group 2 (IIA) and 13 (IIIA) on the periodic table. Mercury is the 80th element on the periodic table and is represented by the chemical symbol Hg. Mercury atoms have 80 electrons and 80 protons with 122 neutrons in the most abundant isotope. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Discovery and History. In the past, mercurous chloride was widely used in medicinal products, including laxatives, worming medications, and teething powders. The richest mercury ores contain up to 2.5% mercury by mass, and even the leanest concentrated deposits are at least 0.1% mercury (12,000 times average crustal ab… Mercury, also known as quicksilver or hydrargyrum, is a chemical element. An example of acute exposure would be mercury exposure due to an industrial accident. Density: 13.5336 grams per cubic centimeter 5. Mercury is the smallest and innermost planet in the Solar System.Its orbit around the Sun takes 87.97 Earth days, the shortest of all the planets in the Solar System. Mercury is a chemical element and the only common metal which is liquid at ordinary temperatures. The symbol Hg stands for its Latinized Greek name hydrargyrum, meaning watery or liquid silver Mercury was known to the ancient Chinese, Egyptians and Hindus and has been found in Egyptian tombs dating back to about 1500 B.C. Mercury is an element that enters the environment through human activity and natural sources. A reduction in the use of mercury along with state and federal regulations, however, has led to a decrease in emissions from this source by over 95%. Mercury (Hg) is an element that occurs in the environment naturally as a result of human activity. Microscopic organisms can combine mercury with carbon, thus converting it from an inorganic to organic form. The pure metal is absorbed easily by inhalation, ingestion or through the skin. 1. You can view a chart showing the annual amount of emissions of mercury and mercury compounds into the air from facilities throughout the United States from 2007 to 2017. Besides quicksilver, an alternate name for this element is hydrargyrum. Mercury is the only metallic element that is a liquid at room temperature. In pure form, it is known alternatively as \"elemental\" or \"metallic\" mercury (also expressed as Hg(0) or Hg0). Mercury is a naturally-occurring chemical element found in rock in the earth’s crust, that exists in three main forms: elemental (aka metallic) mercury, inorganic mercury compounds, and methylmercury and other organic compounds . Mercury conducts electricity and is used to make silent, position dependent switches. Facts about Mercury the Element will inform you about a chemical element which has the symbol Hg, atomic number 80, and atomic mass 200.59 on the periodic table. It is a metal, but remains in liquid form at room temperature. The only other liquid element under standard conditions is. Mercury or quicksilver has been known since ancient times. Mercuric sulfide is used to color paints and is one of the red coloring agents used in tattoo dyes. Mercury (element) From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Atomic symbol (on the Periodic Table of Elements): Hg 3. Mercury is liquid at room temperature and used in thermometers, barometers, fluorescent lighting, batteries and in the preparation of chemical pesticides. It has atomic number of 80 and a molecular weight of 200.59 and belong to the Group 12 (Zinc group, II b) of the periodic table . And have the unique characteristic of being liquid at room temperature. At room temperature, exposed elemental mercury can evaporate to become an invisible, odorless toxic vapor. Occupations with higher risk of exposure to mercury and its salts include mining, electrical equipment manufacturing, and chemical and metal processing in which mercury is used. Most of the isotope data on this site has been obtained from the National Nuclear Data Center.Please visit their site for more information.. Isotopes With A Known Natural Abundance The most common cause of mercury poisoning is from consuming too much methylmercury or … Mercury, also known as quicksilver or hydrargyrum, is a chemical element.Its symbol on the periodic table is Hg, and its atomic number is 80. It is a natural component of the Earth’s crust; however, the majority of mercury comes from improper disposal of mercury-containing products and the burning of fossil fuels. When inorganic mercury salts can become attached to airborne particles. Rain and snow deposit these particles on land. Mercury is used in fluorescent lamps, thermometers, float valves, dental amalgams, in medicine, for the production of other chemicals, and to make liquid mirrors. It is commonly known as quicksilver and is heavy, silvery-white liquid metal. Another, less well-documented, source of exposure to inorganic mercury salts among the general population is from their use in ethnic religious, magical, and ritualistic practices and in herbal remedies. Elemental or metallic mercury is a shiny, silver-white metal, historically referred to as quicksilver, and is liquid at room temperature. Mercury has been used in manufacturing, as well as in dental and medical equipment, fertilizers, and pesticides. Melting point: minus 37.8 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 38.83 degrees Celsius) 7. Element Mercury (Hg), Group 12, Atomic Number 80, d-block, Mass 200.592. Mercury (II) sulfide, HgS, is a black or red crystalline solid used chiefly as a pigment in paints, rubber, and plastics. Mercury can readily combine with chlorine, sulfur, and other elements, and subsequently weather to form inorganic salts. This article was most recently revised and updated by John P. Rafferty, Editor. Methylmercury is the most common organic mercury compound found in the environment, and is highly toxic. Mercury is a very toxic substance and accumulates in the body. This airborne mercury can fall to the ground in raindrops, in dust, or simply due to gravity (known as “air deposition”). Almost all people in the world have at least trace amounts of methylmercury in their bodies, reflecting its prevalence in the environment. (1), (2), (3) In the fourth century B.C. This dense metal is atomic number 80 with element symbol Hg. Mercury is a chemical element and the only common metal which is liquid at ordinary temperatures. It is considered one of the "heavy metal" because of its atomic weight and can be found as number eighty on the periodic table of elements. Its symbol on the periodic table is Hg, and its atomic number is 80. On the periodic table, it has the symbol "Hg" and its atomic number is 80. Mercury have boiling and melting points of 356.9 C and -38.87, respectively. Mercury is a very rare element in the Earth's crust. Learn more about health effects that can result from exposures to mercury. Most of the isotope data on this site has been obtained from the National Nuclear Data Center.Please visit their site for more information.. Isotopes With A … It is used in older thermometers, fluorescent light bulbs and some electrical switches. Inorganic mercury can also enter water or soil from the weathering of rocks that contain inorganic mercury salts, and from factories or water treatment facilities that release water contaminated with mercury. Mercury is the third element in the twelfth column of the periodic table. It causes damage to the brain, kidney and lungs and even small doses can cause mercury poisoning. Vials of pure mercury have been found in Egyptian tombs from the 1500s BCE. Mercury is also called as quicksilver or hydrargyrum. Mercury(II) fulminate is an explosive used as a primer in firearms. It accounts for only about 0.08, Mercury generally is not allowed on aircraft because it combines so readily with. Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. The disinfectant mercury compound thimerosal is an organomercury compound found in vaccines, tattoo inks, contact lens solutions, and cosmetics. Mercury poisoning refers to a toxicity from mercury consumption. Mercury exposure at high levels can harm the brain, heart, kidneys, lungs, and immune system of people of all ages. 2. High levels of methylmercury in the bloodstream of babies developing in the womb and young children may harm their developing nervous systems, affecting their ability to think and learn. It is a mild electrical conductor. Learn about how people are most often exposed to elemental mercury and about the adverse health effects that exposures to elemental mercury can produce. Phase at room temperature: Liquid 6. Methylmercury, a highly toxic organic compound, is the form of mercury people in the U.S. encounter most frequently. Mercury easily forms alloys with other metals, such as gold, silver, zinc and cadmium. The element was known to ancient civilizations, dating back to at least 2000 BCE. Mercury vapor is used in streetlights, fluorescent lamps and advertising signs. This collection of mercury facts includes atomic data, the electron configuration, chemical and physical properties, and history of the element. As more research has been done on this metal, its several uses have been discovered. More information at Wikipedia. The burning of municipal and medical waste was once a major source of mercury emissions. Sources, facts, uses, scarcity (SRI), podcasts, alchemical symbols, videos and images. However, because it does not blend geochemically with those elements that comprise the majority of the crustal mass, mercury ores can be extraordinarily concentrated considering the element's abundance in ordinary rock. Mercury is a relatively poor conductor of heat. Most people are exposed to low levels of mercury, often through chronic exposure (continuous or intermittent long term contact). She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. It is a metal, but remains in liquid form at room temperature. Mercury is a transition metal, where one of the elements found between Group 2 (IIA) and 13 (IIIA) on the periodic table.. As a chemical element, mercury cannot be created or destroyed. In the general population, exposure to mercuric chloride can occur through the dermal route from the use of soaps and creams or topical antiseptics and disinfectants. 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