what were the main ideas of the second great awakening?


As early as the middle of the eighteenth century, a number of clergymen in New England preached what was essentially Unitarianism. Another important figure in early American Christian Universalism was George de Benneville, a French Huguenot preacher and physician who was imprisoned for advocating Universalism and later emigrated to Pennsylvania, where he continued preaching on the subject. They preached or prayed aloud on rare occasions, but they were more likely to give testimonials of their conversion experience or work through the conversion process directly with sinners (who could be male or female). The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement during the early nineteenth century. Lorenzo Dow, American itinerant preacher: The Second Great Awakening included large revivals, which were passionate meetings led by evangelist preachers such as the eccentric Lorenzo Dow. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revival meetings and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements.. The Awakening of Religion and Individualism. Summarize the early history of the Mormon Church. Much like the previous awakening, there was a religious revival many of the following previous protestant ideals. They moved to Missouri, but trouble soon developed there as well, as citizens reacted against the Mormons beliefs. The thousands swept up in the movement believed in the possibility of creating a much better world. The Burned-over District Reconsidered: A Portent of Evolving Religious Pluralism in the United States. Revivals were a key part of the movement and attracted hundreds of converts to new Protestant denominations. People needed to take a active piety with a belief in God as an active force who grace could be attained through faith and good works Unitarianism and Universalism were early Christian denominations that spread quickly during the nineteenth century. A street view of Arch Street between Third and Fourth Streets, depicting the Second Presbyterian Church, built 1750-1753, post the split between the Old and New Light Presbyterians. The Cumberland Presbyterian Church emerged in Kentucky, and Cane Ridge was instrumental in fostering what became known as the Restoration Movement, which was made up of nondenominational churches committed to what they saw as the original, fundamental Christianity of the New Testament. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. This fear of secularism had arisenduring the Enlightenment, which resulted in the First Great Awakening (17201745). The Second Great Awakening not only renewed Americas religious intensity but it also initiated many of the reform movements that would later seize the country, and some can even still be seen today. Members of these groups acted as apostles for the faith, educators, and exponents of northeastern urban culture. (The First Great Awakening of evangelical Protestantism had taken place in the 1730s and 1740s.) Buckminsters close associate William Ellery Channing became the leader of the Unitarian movement. Revival historian J. Edwin Orr marks the Second Great Awakening in America as beginning with Isaac Backus call to the churches for prayer for revival in 1794. Joseph Smith, Jr.: Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, which gave rise to Mormonism. The rising number of women congregants influenced the doctrine preached by ministers as well. The Second Great Awakening is They tend to be very family-oriented and have strong connections across generations and with extended family. In the East: Thought the Christian message (Second Great Awakening) was a promise of freedom Part and parcel with these strong beliefs came a fear of secularism. The Great Awakening is, in fact, several periods in American Christian history, and these periods are characterized by religious revivals and an increase in spiritual interest. The Second Great Awakening inspired prison reforms, temperance movement, women's suffrage movements, and abolishment movement. Identify the key religious movements that emerged out of the western New York frontier. It gave them people agency in their own religious lives that Calvinism had denied them. The earliest of the tent revivals focused on the Appalachian frontier, but they quickly moved into the area of the original colonies. Colonial North America. the three main points and/or ideas spread were: And the top three in the second division are promoted. What is the main idea behind the Great Awakening? Converts were taught that to achieve salvation, they needed not only to repent for personal sin but also work for the moral perfection of society, which meant eradicating sin in all its forms. The Second Great Awakening led to a reform movement in education as well. One of the early camp meetings took place in July 1800 at Gasper River Church in southwestern Kentucky. This harsh treatment caused the body of the Church to movefirst from New York to Ohio, then to Missouri, and then to Illinois, where church members built the city of Nauvoo. Second Great Awakening: The Second Great Awakening was a revival movement during the early to mid-nineteenth century. Individual preachers like the Methodist bishop Francis Asbury (17451816) and the "Backwoods Preacher" Peter Cartwright (17851872) would travel the frontier on horseback converting people to the Methodist faith. Churches were established in New York, Baltimore, Washington, Charleston, and elsewhere during this period. The reform efforts of the antebellum era sprang from the Protestant revival fervor that found expression in what historians refer to as the Second Great Awakening. According to church belief, God inspired Young to call for the Saints (as church members call themselves) to organize and head west, beyond the western frontier of the United States (into what was then Mexico, though the U.S. Army had already captured New Mexico and California in late 1846). Brigham Young (18011877) arose as Smith's successor and led the Mormons away to Utah, where they settled in Salt Lake City. To appeal to this womens movement, sermons often feminized Christ. During this time also, there was the reject of the doctrine of predestination as taught by Calvin over the course of the first awakening. What was the Second Great Awakening?The Second Great Awakening was prompted by falling interest in religion when people were excited about the innovations of the Industrial Revolution and the rapid expansion of U.S. territories, particularly in the west. Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. The Second Great Awakening (sometimes known simply as "the Great Awakening") was a religious revival that occurred in the United States beginning in the late eighteenth century and lasting until the middle of the nineteenth century. The Fox sisters conducted some of the first table-rapping seances and helped inspire Spiritualism. "Black Harry" Hosier (17501906), the first African-American Methodist preacher and a fabled orator despite being illiterate, was a crossover success in both black and white revivals. Women did, however, become very important informally, as they facilitated conversion and religious upbringing of their children. After leaving Missouri, Smith built the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, near which he was assassinated in 1844. During this revival, meetings were held in small towns and large cities throughout the country, and the unique frontier institution known as the camp meeting began. Exuberant revivalist meetings ignited the interest in religion. At the beginning of the nineteenthcentury, with one exception, all of the churches of Boston were occupied by Unitarian preachers, and various periodicals and organizations expressed Unitarian opinions. After the founding of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) in 1830, members were often harshly treated by their neighbors, partially due to their religious beliefs and sometimes as a reaction against the actions and the words of the LDS Church and its members and leaders. The Second Great Awakening was also important in Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, where established churches were few and far between. Soon persecuted for their beliefs, the group left New York moving first to Ohio, then Missouri, and finally Nauvoo, Illinois, where they lived for five years. The majority of religious revivals occurred between the early 18th century and the late 20th century. Historians studying the Second Great Awakening in the upper south and the frontier should not exclusively treat mechanisms of revival like camp meetings, or circuit riders, but remember that revivals were pipelines into regular church membership. Numerous religious groups benefited from the Second Great Awakening. Smiths claims of translating the golden plates antagonized his neighbors in New York. Many participants in the revival meetings believed that reform was a part of Gods plan. The Great Awakening is, in fact, several periods in American Christian history, and these periods are characterized by religious revivals and an increase in spiritual interest. Instead, they were joined by neighbors, converting en masse. The Brattle Street Church in Boston, ca. Second Great Awakening. Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint religious and cultural movement, emerged in the 1800s in upstate New York. One significant byproduct of the revival furor in the Burned-Over Districts was the founding of Mormonism. Upon their return home, most converts joined or created small local churches, which resulted in rapid growth for small religious institutions. The camp meeting was a religious service of several days length involving multiple preachers. The Second Great Awakening as an Organizing Process. The Second Great Awakening expressed Arminian theology, by which every person could be saved through revivals, repentance, and conversion. They were quite successful and by the 1840s the Methodists were the largest Protestant group in America. Mormonism is the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint religious and cultural movement. At the time, Rochester was a boomtown because the Erie Canal had brought a lively shipping business. Because they were churches that embraced the message of the Second Great Awakening What was the message of the Second Great Awakening? The social impact of the Second Great Awakening may be gauged by reviewing several main thrusts of the scholarly literature. This is the currently selected item. Today a vast majority of Mormons are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), while a minority are members of other churches. Mormons believe that returning to God requires following the example of Jesus Christ and accepting his atonement through ordinances such as baptism. He led revival meetings in New York and Pennsylvania, but his greatest success occurred after he accepted a ministry in Rochester, New York, in 1830. In 1839, Finney preached in Rochester and made an estimated 100,000 converts. Each had leaders who were noteworthy in history, with Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield being two of the prominent names in the First Great Awakening (which was Intense flames of religious fervor swept the area of western New York during this time, in large part due to Finneys work. Pictured Above: Painting of Camp Meeting from the Second Great Awakening. The ideas of social equality that came about with the advent of the new nation trickled down to religion, and the movement to be known as the Second Great Awakening began about 1790. Due to persecution, the Mormons first moved to Ohio and then to Missouri. The movement began around 1790 and gained momentum by 1800; after 1820, membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations, whose preachers led the movement. They believed in the perfectibility of people and were highly moralistic in their endeavors. The Great Awakening stirred many, but not all, colonists. The result of the Unitarian Controversy in 1815 was a growing division in the Congregational churches, which was emphasized in 1825 by the formation of the American Unitarian Association at Boston. They did occasionally take on public roles during revivals. The Second Great Awakening had a profound effect on American religious history. Camp meetings were often the first experience settlers had with organized religion, and the meetings were a key recruiting method for the Methodists and Baptists. The Second Great Awakening commenced in the late 18 th century, gained momentum in the early 19 th century, and was at its peak in the middle of the 19 th century. Women constituted the majority of converts and participants in the Second Great Awakening and played an important informal role in religious revivals. In many areas, particularly the south, blacks held separate revivals at the same time with the two groups joining together on the last day. The Burned-Over District of upstate New York was a region that proved especially susceptible to the religious revivals of the early and mid-nineteenth century. The Methodists, on theother hand, had more of an internal structure in place. 1859: Boston was the center of Unitarian activity in America, and the Brattle Street Church was a prominent Unitarian venue. These groups were unsatisfied with the already established faiths and created their own doctrines. The sheer exhilaration of participating in a religious revival, with crowds of hundreds and perhaps thousands of people, inspired the dancing, shouting, and singing associated with these events. Congregationalists set up missionary societies to evangelize the western territory of the Northern Tier. Mormons self-identify as Christian, though some of their beliefs differ from mainstream Christianity. Their purpose was to convince people that religious power The Middle colonies. Noted for his friendly and respectful relationship with American Indians and his pluralistic and multicultural view of spiritual truth, George de Benneville was well ahead of his time. People were convinced they were experiencing a visitation of the Holy Spirit such as the early church had known at Pentecost. And who were the leaders of the Great Awakening? It was led by people such as Charles Grandison Finney, Henry Ward Beecher, Lyman Beecher, Edward Everett and Joseph Smith.It started in upstate New York in the The Second Great Awakening (17901840) was a time of evangelical fervor and revival in the newly formed nation of America. 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